Tag: war

“The Sword Verse”: Surah 9:13 – 24

Background Continuing from previously where we explained Quran 9:5 (‘sword verse’) in its historical context. Now we move on to the remaining verses which are related to the same event. As we explained before (see here: ‘An Historical Examination Of The Sword Verse – Surah 9:5’), the Muslims signed a peace treaty with the Quraysh… Read More ›

“Cast Terror Into The Hearts Of The Disbelievers…” Quran 8:1 To 8:12

Background These present verses were revealed concerning the battle of Badr (Tafsir al-Jalalayn, Tafsir Ibn Kathir, Tanwir al-Miqbas min Tafsir Ibn ‘Abbas, Asbab Al-Nuzul by Al-Wahidi, Muhammed Asad and Zohurul Hoque/Husain Nuri commentary on the Qur’an), which took place in the year of 2nd Hijri (624 AD). The causes in which it led to this battle… Read More ›

Quran 8:56 – 61 Banu Qurayzah

Background These verses refer to the Banu Qurayzah tribe (5 AH, 627 AD) breaking treaties and siding with enemies against the Muslims (Tanwir al-Miqbas min Tafsir Ibn ‘Abbas and Zamakhshari). We have written about this incident in detail here: ‘Re-Examining Banu Qurayzah Incident‘. Analysing Verses 8:56 The ones with whom you made a treaty but… Read More ›

Quran 8:61 – 75 Battle Of Badr

Background These verses refer to the battle of Badr (624 AD) and those who migrated to Madinah, fleeing persecution. Analysing Verses 8:61 And if they incline to peace, then incline to it [also] and rely upon Allah. Indeed, it is He who is the Hearing, the Knowing. 8:65 O Prophet, urge the believers to battle…. Read More ›

‘Fighting Has Been Enjoined Upon You While It Is Hateful To You…’ – Quran 2:216

Background These verses (Quran 2:216-218) were revealed concerning an incident that happened in Nakhlah, in which Abd Allah b. Jahsh and his men killed a man by the name of Amr Ibn al-Hadrami, which belonged to the Quraysh (Tafsir al-Jalalayn, Tanwir al-Miqbas min Tafsir Ibn ‘Abbas and Asbab Al-Nuzul by Al-Wahidi and Tafsir Ibn Kathir)… Read More ›

“Not equal Are The Believers… Who Strive, Fight In The Cause of Allah…” – Quran 4:94-95

Background Chapter 4, verse 94 was revealed concerning an incident with a man from the Banu Sulaym tribe (Tafsir Ibn Kathir, Tafsir al-Jalalayn, and Asbab Al-Nuzul by Al-Wahidi). This tribe in the past attacked and killed many Muslims (See more here: 1, 2, 3, 4). Whereas 4:95, was revealed just before setting out to the Battle of Badr… Read More ›

Quran 3:140 – 143 Battle Of Uhud

Background Exegesis on the Quran say these verses were revealed concerning the battle of Uhud (Tafsir Ibn Kathir, Tafsir al-Jalalayn, Tanwir al-Miqbas min Tafsir Ibn ‘Abbas, and Asbab Al-Nuzul by Al-Wahidi). The battle of Uhud took place as a consequence of the Quraysh losing at battle of Badr. The enemies having lost at Badr, they sought to revenge… Read More ›

“No Blame Shortening Prayer, If You fear Attack – Disbelievers Are Enemy…” – Quran 4:101 – 103

Background We learn that the background for these verses is that they were revealed after the battle of Uhud. Any time after the battle of Uhud. Mawdudi, Tafsir al-Jalalayn and Maulana Muhammed Ali, agree that these verses were revealed after Uhud. Tafsir al-Jalalayn and Mawdudi [1] go even more specific, saying that the verses on ‘fear… Read More ›

‘They Never Lost Assurance Due To What Afflicted Them In The Cause Of God’ – Quran 3:146

Background Exegesis on the Quran say this verses were revealed concerning the battle of Uhud (Tafsir Ibn Kathir). Analysing Verse Quran 3:146 And how many a prophet [fought and] with him fought many religious scholars. But they never lost assurance due to what afflicted them in the cause of God, nor did they weaken or… Read More ›

Quran 3:152 -158 Battle Of Uhud

Background The Quraysh came from Makkah to Madinah to fight the Muslims. This happened as a result of Quraysh losing at the battle of Badr, and hence they wanted revenge. These particular verses were revealed concerning the battle of Uhud (Tafsir al-Jalalayn, Tanwir al-Miqbas min Tafsir Ibn ‘Abbas, Asbab Al-Nuzul by Al-Wahidi, Tafsir al-Tustari and Ibn… Read More ›