Tag: war

Battle Of Tabuk: Quran 9:81-88

Background These verses relate to when the Muslims went out to the expedition Tabuk expedition (Tafsir al-Jalalayn, Tanwir al-Miqbas min Tafsir Ibn ‘Abbas, Tafsir Ibn Kathir and Ibn Juzayy). Wherein the Muslims had to face a large army of the Byzantine (Roman) empire who had assembled in order to attack the Muslim community: ‘Answering Jihad:… Read More ›

“Permission To Fight Has Been Given To Those Who Are Being Fought…” Surah 22:39

Background This is one of the first verses revealed for fighting against the Quraysh who wronged and persecuted the believers for thirteen years. (Tafsir Ibn kathir, Tanwir al-Miqbas min Tafsir Ibn ‘Abbas, Asbab Al-Nuzul by Al-Wahidi and Ibn Al-Qayyim Al-Jawziyyah in Mukhtasar Zad Al-Ma’ad). Analysing Verses 22:39 Permission [to fight] has been given to those… Read More ›

Tabuk Expedition: Surah 9:120

Background This verse relates to the hypocrites who are getting admonished by God for not participating in the expedition of Tabuk (Tafsir Ibn Kathir and Ibn Juzayy). For more information on the expedition of Tabuk, please read the following article: “Answering Jihad: ‘Fight Against Those Who Do Not Believe’ – Quran 9:29” Analysing Verse “It… Read More ›

“Fought For The Cause Of Allah And Were Patient…” – Surah 16:110

Background Scholars are of the opinion that this verse was revealed in Makkah (Mawdudi and Dr. Muhammad Asad). [1] [2] Analysing Verse “Then, indeed your Lord, to those who emigrated after they had been compelled [to renounce their religion] and thereafter fought [for the cause of Allah ] and were patient – indeed, your Lord,… Read More ›

“When We Intend To Destroy A City…” – Surah 17:16

Background This verse was revealed in Makkah, Scholar Mawdudi comments: “The very first verse indicates that this Surah was revealed on the occasion of Mi`raj (Ascension). According to the Traditions and books on the life of the Holy Prophet, this event happened one year before Hijrah. Thus, this Surah is one of those which were… Read More ›

“Fight Those Disbelievers Who Are Near You…” – Surah 9:123

Background This verse was one of the last verses revealed. It refers to the expedition of Tabuk (Ibn Juzayy, Ibn Kathir, Tabari, al-Zamakhshari, and Ma’riful Quran by Mufti Shafi’i). For further information why the expedition of Tabuk took place, please read the following article: “Answering Jihad: ‘Fight Against Those Who Do Not Believe’ – Quran… Read More ›

“Prophet, Fight Against The Hypocrites…” – Surah 9:73

Background It is agreed among scholars that these verses were revealed in the year 9 Hijri to Tabuk, to face Byzantine (Roman) empire’s army. However, there is a slight disagreement among the scholars whether this incident took place during the expedition of Tabuk (Asbab Al-Nuzul by Al-Wahidi and Tafsir Ibn Kathir) or just after Tabuk… Read More ›

Quran 9:36 – Battle Of Hunayn

Background After the conquest of Makkah, while the Muslims were busy with their lives in path of God, praying, fasting and doing charity work the Hawazin and Thaqif tribe assembled an army to attack the Muslims. With news reaching the Prophet (p) of their plans, Prophet Muhammed and his people prepared to engage them. This… Read More ›

Quran 9:38 – 52 The Battle Of Tabuk

Background The background for these verses (below) is related to the expedition of Tabuk (Tafsir Ibn Kathir, Tafsir al-Jalalayn, Tanwr al-Miqbas min Tafsir Ibn Abbas, and Ibn Juzayy), which we have written about in detail here: ‘Answering Jihad: “Fight Against Those Who Do Not Believe’ – Quran 9:29“. This expedition took place as a result… Read More ›

Surah 9:25 – 27 Battle Of Hunayn

Background After the conquest of Makkah, while Muslims were busy with their lives in path of God; praying, fasting and doing charity work, the Hawazin and Thaqif tribe assembled an army to attack the Muslims. With news reaching the Prophet (p) of their plans, Prophet Muhammed and his people prepared to engage them. This occasion… Read More ›