Tag: Madinah

“Permission To Fight Has Been Given To Those Who Are Being Fought…” Surah 22:39

Background This is one of the first verses revealed for fighting against the Quraysh who wronged and persecuted the believers for thirteen years. (Tafsir Ibn kathir, Tanwir al-Miqbas min Tafsir Ibn ‘Abbas, Asbab Al-Nuzul by Al-Wahidi and Ibn Al-Qayyim Al-Jawziyyah in Mukhtasar Zad Al-Ma’ad). Analysing Verses 22:39 Permission [to fight] has been given to those… Read More ›

Quran 8:56 – 61 Banu Qurayzah

Background These verses refer to the Banu Qurayzah tribe (5 AH, 627 AD) breaking treaties and siding with enemies against the Muslims (Tanwir al-Miqbas min Tafsir Ibn ‘Abbas and Zamakhshari). We have written about this incident in detail here: ‘Re-Examining Banu Qurayzah Incident‘. Analysing Verses 8:56 The ones with whom you made a treaty but… Read More ›

“Then Seize Them And Kill Them Wherever You Overtake Them…” – Quran 4:91

Background Tafsir al-Jalalayn, Muhammed Asad and Maulana Muhammed Ali commentary of the Quran say these passages refer to Banu Asad and Ghatafan tribes. These tribes have in a number of occasions been hostile and sided with enemies of the Prophet (p). And waged war against the Muslims. Others, such as Ibn Kathir and Maududi’s Quran… Read More ›

The Battle Of Khaybar

When the Muslims fled persecution from Makkah to Madinah, they made treaties with the Banu qaynuqa, Banu Nadir, and other tribes. It was stipulated that they would not help any enemy against the Muslims. To recap, in previous years, the Banu Qaynuqa were expelled due to waging war against the Muslims and giving the Quraysh… Read More ›

Third Expedition Of Dhu Qarad In Ghaba Area

Some thieves killed the Prophet’s (p) herdsman, and hence he sent out his Companions in puruit of these criminals to be brought to justice. Report Tabari: “THE EXPEDITION OF DHU QARAD …We returned to Medina with the Messenger of God – that is, after the peace of al-Hudaybiyah. The Messenger of God sent out his… Read More ›

Third Raid on Banu Thalabah? – Zayd Ibn Harithah

The ongoing war against the Banu Thalaba tribe was mainly as a result that they had killed nine Muslims preceding this incident. Hence, the Prophet (p) sent out his Companions to deal with those who were involved. Reports Kitab al-tabaqat al-kabir – Ibn Sa’d “THE SARIYYAH OF ZAYD IBN HARITHAH TOWARDS AL-TARAF … The Apostle… Read More ›

Scholars On Khaybar Incident

Scholars Dr. Shawqi Abu Khalil: “The Jews of Khaibar contacted the people of the Ghatafan tribe, who were known to be mercenaries for hire. As a reward for fighting the Muslims, the Jews of Khaibar offered them a percentage of their yearly harvest, which consisted mainly of fruits and dates. They furthermore established alliances with… Read More ›

Second Raid On Banu Thalabah? – Abu Ubaydah Bin Al-Jarrah

The first expedition to banu Thalabah was as a result of this tribe’s continued hostilities. Unfortunately, while Muhammad Ibn Maslama was sent to the area where the enemy was, they were ambushed from every side. All the Muslims were killed, only Muhammed Ibn Maslamah escaped alive. Now, the second expedition was sent out under the… Read More ›

Ali B. Abi Talib’s Expedition Of Fadak (Fidak)

News reached Prophet Muhammed (p) that Banu Sa’d bin Bakr tribe were planning to help the Jews of Khaybar, who were the enemy of Mohammed, to attack the Muslim community. The Prophet in turn sent out his companions to counter them. Historical reports Kitab al-tabaqat al-kabir – Ibn Sa’d: “THE SARIYYAH OF ALI IBN ABI… Read More ›

The Expedition Of Dhu Qarad

Uyainah Ibn Hisn Al-Fazari who was the leader of the Banu Ghatafan, he raided outskirts of Madina, robbed camels and murdered a shepherd who was looking after the animals. When Prophet Muhammad received news of this, he sent out his companions in pursuit of this robber/murderer. Historical reports Tabari: “We returned to Medina with the… Read More ›