Kaleef K. Karim
Oft-repeated claims by critics spout that Islam allows lying in ‘all circumstances’. They further say that Islam allows their followers to lie to take advantage of non-believers and infiltrate high governmental positions. These claims are false. When I read these comments in some of the websites, I didn’t know whether to laugh or feel sorry for the gullible folks who believe such rubbish.
‘Holy Bible’ Allows Lying – Deception
For those who make these allegations, their method to convince their gullible followers is by quoting a verse here and there from the Qur’an, and then misquote scholarly statements by deliberately leaving out the conditions when lying is permissible in rare circumstances. By doing this, they present this to ignorant folk, saying “here, you see Islam sanctions lying to non-believers in all circumstances”
In actual reality, when we examine all these Quranic verses and Hadiths, in none of them is there any mention that one is allowed to lie to non-Muslims.. Nor is there any mention or indication that a Muslim is allowed to take advantage of disbelievers – these are claims made by crazy deluded Islamophobes who have no support from the Quran or Hadith.
Lying in order to advance one’s faith is not an Islamic doctrine and has never been. I challenge anyone to bring one proof from the Quran or Hadith where it says that ‘one can use deception to advance Islam.’ You won’t find it. However, such doctrine, to advance one’s faith by lying is found and sanctioned in the Bible.
Apostle Paul sanctions lying in order to advance Christianity. Paul admits in Corinthians 9:19-23 that during his ministry, preaching his Paulinism (Christianity of today), that he falsely acted in order to draw people to Christianity. Click on the following article here. I have provided some of the early Church fathers’ commentaries on the verse (Corinthians 9:19-23), in agreement that the verse allows deception in them circumstances, to advance Christianity.
With that said, let’s look at the Islamic view when one is allowed to utter a lie. The following are exceptional circumstances:
1. To make peace between two friends to avoid feud (or bloodshed)
2. To make your spouse happy
3. In war, to get the upper hand against the enemy.
4. When one is persecuted, he can say things which may not be true
5. To make someone escape torture from a tyrant, to avoid handing over an innocent person to an oppressor.
These are the only times when one is allowed to lie. Note: the articles below are a refutation to critics misusing, twisting Islamic scripture. I have also covered each of the above instances in a lot more detail – please click on the links below:
1. Qur’an 16:106 – ‘Except For One Who Is Forced…’
2. Qur’an 3:28 – Not To Take Non-Believers As Friends?
3. Qur’an 9:3 – ‘Dissolution Of Oaths’
4. Qur’an 40:28 – ‘A Believer Lying?’
5. Qur’an 2:225 – ‘Unintentional Oaths’
6. Qur’an 66:2 – The Prophet (p)
7. Qur’an 3:54 – ‘Allah Is A Deceiver’?
8. Qur’an 8:30 – Makr – Makara
9. Qur’an 10:21 – Makr – Makara
From the Hadith:
1. Bukhari 52:269 – ‘War is deceit.'”
2. Bukhari 49:857 – “He who makes peace between two people…
3. Bukhari 84:64 – Ali (Ra) tricking the enemy in war
4. Muslim 32:6303 – “…he did not hear that exemption was granted in anything what the people speak as lie but in three cases: in battle, for bringing reconciliation amongst persons and the narration of the words of the husband to his wife, and the narration of the words of a wife to her husband.”
5. Bukhari 50:369 – Ka’b bin al-Ashraf
Taqiyya And Its Meaning:
Also check out the following link on ‘Taqiyya’ which is been hurled at by Islamophobes that all Muslims follow this doctrine. However, as I have demonstrated from Muslim and non-Muslim academics, they all agree that this doctrine (Taqiyya, Takiya) is only endorsed by the Shia, which make up 15 to 20% of the World’s Muslim population. The rest, 80% of the World’s Muslims, who are Sunni, have never had such doctrine or endorsed such: Click here for the article – ‘Taqiyya’ (Takiya) Meaning.
Refutation To Taqiyya:
Moreover, Islamic Scholar Shaykh Ashiq Ilahi Madni was so infuriated by Shias who use the doctrine of ‘Taqiyya’ that he wrote a refutation against their false doctrine, and stating that ‘Taqiyya’ which is endorsed by those heretics (Shias), has no place in Islam, nor has Islam ever endorsed it. Here is what the Scholar, Shaykh Ashiq Ilahi Madni wrote:
A REFUTATION OF THE ‘TAQIYYA’ OF THE RAWAFIDH
The sect called the Rawafidh (part of the shia movement) attaches such great importance to the practice of ‘Taqiyya’ (lying in religious matters) that a renowned proverb amongst them is that the person who does not practise Taqiya has no belief (Iman). They quote in their support the above verse, ‘unless you have to safeguard yourselves from enemies.’ At the outset it should be understood why they resorted to this practice. The Jews taught these people a Din (religion) other than that brought by the Holy Prophet and impressed on their minds that Sayyidina Ali… was supposed to be the immediate leader after the Holy Prophet… They were told that the other Caliphs (Kalifas) viz. Sayyidina Abu Bakr… Sayyidina Umar… and Sayyidina Uthman… unsurped the Caliphate (Khilafah) from him. However, true Muslims ask them the reason why Sayyidina Ali remained silent about the matter for 26 years, not once laying claim to his right? Why did he, during this entire period, even participate in their meetings and fight with in Jihad? Why did he join them in all their Jumu’ah, Eid and daily Salah? In reply to all of this they have been taught by their tutors (the Jews) to say that Sayyidina Ali… was practising Taqiya. This practice of ‘taqiya’ is such a weapon that the enemies have placed in their hands that they regard it as being fundamental f Din (religion) and use it in every defence. When they deliberately say many things that contradict their beliefs, they actually feel that they are doing an act of virtue. How vast is the difference between their cowardly practice of ‘Taqiya’ and the outstanding courageousness of Sayyidina Ali whom they claim to follow!
It is not the trait if people of belief (Iman) to falter before falsehood. If indeed it was the right of Sayyidina Ali to ascend to the Caliphate (Khilafah), he would have fought for the truth and not given in to the other three Khulafa. It is not conceivable that the vicegerent of the greatest Holy prophet should yield to the authority of any oppressor. To view the matter from another angle, the incident of Sayyidina Husain, should be examined. When the Rawafidh summoned him to Kufa and then deserted him, he chose to fight to the end for the sake of the truth. He even had to endure the killing of so many of his family members, but he never yielded to the pressure of those whom he considered to be oppressive. He could have practiced ‘Taqiya’ to appease Yazid and Ibn Ziyad, but he did not. This episode clearly displays the fact that there exists no ‘taqiya’ in the Din (religion), for it was not even practised by people like Sayyidina Husain whom these Shias claim to follow. Whatever incidents the Shias narrate regarding ‘Taqiya’ of their ‘scholar’s (Imams)’ are all fabrications and contradict the status of these noble personalities. It is just not possible that they conceal one thing in their hearts and practice another. This practice of ‘Taqiya’ has no basis from the Qur’an whatsoever. ‘…unless you have to safeguard yourselves from enemies.’ This verse applies to the case when a Muslim is in endanger of suffering harm from the disbelievers infidels (Kuffar) e.g. they force him to make any statement of infidelity (kufr) under a threat, which they are able to induce and which shall prove unbearable to the Muslim In question. This is as Allah says Surah Nahl (verse 106), save for him who is forced, but his heart is content with belief (Iman).’ Even in this case, however, it will be best to endure suffering and not concede. 
As I have responded to the claims made against Islam on lying, I do not need to go over it again. Rather, I will quote Quranic verses and Hadith where it clearly states that lying is forbidden, should be avoided in all circumstances and is a major sin. The following, God and Prophet Mohammad (p) speak on the importance of being truthful in all circumstances. And a person who lies is hated in the sight of Allah. In short, telling the truth is virtuous and leads one to Paradise.
O YOU who have attained to faith! Be ever steadfast in upholding equity, bearing witness to the truth for the sake of God, even though it be against your own selves or your parents and kinsfolk. Whether the person concerned be rich or poor, God’s claim takes precedence over [the claims of] either of them. Do not, then, follow your own desires, lest you swerve from justice: for if you distort [the truth], behold, God is indeed aware of all that you do! – Quran 4:135
O ye who believe! Be careful of your duty to Allah, and be with the truthful. – Quran 9:119
Allah will say: “This is a Day on which the truthful will profit from their truth: theirs are Gardens under which rivers flow (in Paradise) – they shall abide therein forever. Allah is pleased with them and they with Him. That is the great success (Paradise). – Quran 5:119
That Allah may reward the true men for their truth, and punish the hypocrites if He will, or relent toward them (if He will). Lo! Allah is Forgiving, Merciful. – Quran 33:24
O you who believe! Keep your duty to Allah and fear Him, and speak (always) the truth. – Quran 33:70
And do not mix the truth with falsehood or conceal the truth while you know [it]. – Quran 2:42
From The Hadith:
‘Abdullah reported Allah’s Messenger as saying: It is obligatory for you to tell the truth, for truth leads to virtue and virtue leads to Paradise, and the man who continues to speak the truth and endeavours to tell the truth is eventually recorded as truthful with Allah, and beware of telling of a lie for telling of a lie leads to obscenity and obscenity leads to Hell-Fire, and the person who keeps telling lies and endeavours to tell a lie is recorded as a liar with Allah. (Sahih Muslim Book 32, Hadith 6309)
‘Abdullah b. Mas’ud reported Allah’s Messenger as saying: Telling of truth is a virtue and virtue leads to Paradise and the servant who endeavours to tell the truth is recorded as truthful, and lie is obscenity and obscenity leads to Hell-Fire, and the servant who endeavours to tell a lie is recorded as a liar. Ibn Abu Shaiba reported this from Allah’s Apostle. (Sahih Muslim Book 32, Hadith 6308)
Aishah narrated: “There was no behaviour more hated to the Messenger of Allah than lying. A man would lie in narrating something in the presence of the Prophet, and he would not be content until he knew that he had repented.” (Jami` at-Tirmidhi Volume 4, Book 1, Hadith 1973)
Abdullah reported that the Prophet (p) said, “You must be truthful. Truthfulness leads to dutifulness and dutifulness leads to the Garden. A man continues to tell the truth until he is written as a siddiq with Allah. Beware of lying. Lying leads to deviance and deviance leads to the Fire. A man continues to lie until he is written as a liar with Allah.” (Al-Adab Al-Mufrad: Book 21, Hadith 386)
The Prophet (p) guaranteed paradise to anyone if they can avoid lying even when joking.
The Prophet said: I guarantee a house in the surroundings of Paradise for a man who avoids quarrelling even if he were in the right, a house in the middle of Paradise for a man who avoids lying even if he were joking, and a house in the upper part of Paradise for a man who made his character good. (Sunan Abi Dawud Book 42, Hadith 4782)
 Illuminating Discourses on the Noble Quran – Tafseer Anwarul Bayan – By Shaykh Ashiq Ilahi Madni, volume 1, page 369 – 371