Some Quraysh polytheists attempted to murder some new Converts To Islam, but failed as the tribe to protected him. The mushriks (polytheists) were on the mission of murdering this innocent Muslim, as a result of him changing his faith to Islam. The early classical biographer, Ibn Ishaq (704 – 768 AD) mentions this:
“Al-Zubayr b. Ukasha b. Abdullah b. Abu Ahmad told me that he was told that some men of B. Makhzum went to Hisham b. al-Walid when his brother al-Walid b. al-Walid became a Muslim. They had agreed to seize some young men who had become Muslims, among whom were Salma b. Hisham and Ayyash b. Abu Rabi’a. They were afraid of his violent temper and so they said, ‘We wish to admonish these men because of this religion which they have newly introduced; thus we shall be safe in the case of others.’ ‘All right,’ he said, ‘admonish him, but beware that you do not kill him.’ Then he began to recite:
My brother Uyays shall not be killed, Otherwise there will be war between us for ever.
‘Becareful of his life, for I swear by God that if you kill him, I will kill the noblest of you to the last man.’ They said, ‘God damn the man. After what he has said who will want to bring trouble on himself, for, by God, if this man were killed while in our hands the best of us would be killed to a man.’ So they left him and withdrew, and that was how God protected him from there.’
When the apostle saw the affliction of his companions and that though he escaped it because of his standing with Allah and his uncle Abu Talib, he could not protect them, he said to them: ‘If you were to go to Abyssinia (it would be better for you), for the King will not tolerate injustice and it is a friendly country, until such time as Allah shall relieve you from your distress.’ Thereupon his companions went to Abyssinia, being afraid of apostasy and fleeing to God with their religion. This was the first hijra in Islam.” (Ibn Ishaq’s Sirat Rasul Allah – The Life of Muhammad Translated by A. Guillaume, [Oxford University Press – Seventeenth Impression 2004], page 145)
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