The Prophet (p) led an expedition to Buwat area in search of the Quraysh:
“Then the apostle went raiding in the month of Rabi’u’l-Awwal making for Quraysh, until he reached Buwat in the neighbourhood of Radwa. Then he returned to Medina without fighting, and remained there for the rest of Rabi’u’l-Akhir and part of Jumada’l’Ula.” 
“Then the Messenger of God led an expedition in Rabi al-Akhir (which began October 2, 623) in search of Quraysh. He went as far as Buwat in the region of Radwa and then returned without any fighting.” 
Prophet Muhammed (p) most probably led this expedition as a consequence of the Quraysh’s persistent persecution against the Muslims. We have written a number of articles, before the Buwat incident, wherein the Quraysh declared war and attacked Muslims (Read more about it here: (‘Did Quraysh Persecute Muslims When They Fled To Madinah?’)
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 Ibn Ishaq’s Sirat Rasul Allah – The Life of Muhammad Translated by A. Guillaume, page 205
 History of al-Tabari: The: The Foundation of the Community: Muhammad – volume 7, page 13