Was Jesus Hanged or Crucified?

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Kaleef K. Karim

In the four Gospels version of the crucifixion i.e.,  Matthew, Mark Luke and John, all four of them say that Jesus was nailed to a cross. But when we read the Acts of the Apostles it somehow says something completely different. According to Peter’s saying recorded by Luke in Acts, Jesus was “hanged.” On one hand we have Luke recording Peter speech that Jesus was “hanged” on the other hand in the ‘Gospel of Luke’ he himself says: Jesus was “crucified” with nails going through. Do the words “Hanged” and “Crucified” have the same meanings in the Greek language? Well we have to investigate and see if “Hanged” (suspended) or crucified have the same meanings. This is the verse we will examine:

Acts 5:30 The God of our fathers raised up Jesus, whom ye slew and hanged on a tree.

Acts 5:30 ὁ θεὸς τῶν πατέρων ἡμῶν ἤγειρεν Ἰησοῦν ὃν ὑμεῖς διεχειρίσασθε κρεμάσαντες ἐπὶ ξύλου (Textus receptus).

We see from Peter’s version that Jesus was hanged. The Greek word that is used for Acts 5:30 for “Hanging” is κρεμάννυμι (kremannymi). Interestingly, in none of the Gospels is the word “kremannymi” for Jesus’s crucifixion used. Before going further on Acts 5:30, let’s show the four Gospels accounts i.e what words they have used for the “crucifixion.”

Matthew 27:35 σταυρόω stauroō

Mark 15:24 σταυρόω stauroō

Luke 23:33 σταυρόω stauroō

John 19:18 σταυρόω stauroō

In all above four Gospels accounts we see the Greek word that is used is “Stauroo” which means “Crucified” with nails through. But in Peter’s account, that is recorded by Luke in Acts, the word that is used as I showed earlier is “kremannymi” which means “hanged.” One thing to note, the Greek word “Stauroo,” in no Lexicon does it mean “hanging”. Let us take a closer look at the Greek word “kremannymi” and see what have Lexicons/Dictionaries have to say about it.

 

 

Definition(s) on the Greek word ‘kremannymi’ – Greek-English Lexicons


1. Bernard Alwyn Taylor – Analytical Lexicon to the Septuagint

was Jesus hanged or crucified

[1]

2. James Strong – A Concise Dictionary of the words in the Greek Testament

Kremannumi Krem-an’-noo-mee: a prolonged form of a primary verb; to hang:–hang. [2]

3. Liddell and Scott’s – An Intermediate Greek English Lexicon

Hanged or Crucified

[3]

4. Abbott Smith – George A Manuel Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

Hanged or Crucified

[4]

5. Robson, Edward, Greek and English Lexicon of the New Testament

Hanged or Crucified

[5]

6. Alexander Souter – A Pocket Lexicon to the Greek New testament

“κρεμάσαντες (pendo), I hang, I suspend; mid. (pendeo) I am hanging, I hang” [6]

7. Samuel Bagster’s. The Analytical Greek Lexicon: Consisting of An Alphabetical Arrangement of every occurring Inflexion of every word contained in the New testament Scriptures

Hanged or Crucified

[7]

8. John Pickering – A Greek and English Lexicon

Hanged or Crucified

[8]

9. Schrevel Cornelis – The Greek Lexicon of Schrevelius

Hanged or Crucified

[9]

10. Charles Robson – A Greek Lexicon to the New Testament

προσπήγνυμι f. Aor. 1 pass., to hang, suspend trans,; mid… (after the form ), to hang suspended, intrans a) act,. With acc. Impl., and foll by with gen. Acts 5:30 προσπήγνυμι… : pass., foll by eis Matt 18:6 absol. Luke 23.39. b) mid Acts 28:4 [10] 

11. John Jones – The Tyro’s Greek and English Lexicon

KPEMA, f… I cause to hang, suspend ii.. 19. Acts 5:30 f… aor. I suspend myself, am suspended, I hang, Acts 28:4.— depend ,Mat. 22. 4. Thou hast suspended, didst hang ii… I hang over a precipice, suspend… [11]

12. Samuel C. Loveland – A Greek Lexicon: Adapted to the New Testament

κρεμάσαντες to hang, to suspend; to be contained. [12]

John J. Owen – The Acts of the Apostles, in the original Greek

κρεμάσαντες 1. Aor. Pass. to hang, suspend; mid to hang, to be suspended. [13]

W. J. Hickie Greek-English Lexicon to the New Testament. After The Latest and Best Authorities

κρεμάσαντες to hang up, to suspend, Matt. Xviii. 6. Acts, V. 30 x.39; mid., to hang Acts, xxviii. 4. Gal. Iii. 13; with to depend upon Matt. Xxii, 40. (“All the Law and the Prophets, i.e the teaching of the OT on morality, is summoned up in these precepts,” Thayer.) [14]

Reading all these Greek-English Lexicons it is clear that Acts 5:30 means “hanging suspended.” Notice how all of them agree that the Greek word “kremannymi” means “hanging suspended.” Now if Jesus was hanged suspended and the Gospels say he was crucified with nails going through, isn’t this a major contradiction? One place it says he was “hanged suspended” but on the other hand the Gospels say he was “crucified?” Let’s now show a crucified portrayal of Jesus depicted by Christians for centuries:

Depiction of Jesus

Depiction of Jesus Crucifixion

As you see the picture it is quite clear that Acts 5:30 and the 4 Gospels account of the Crucifixion contradict each other. As I have demonstrated, the way Jesus was crucified in no way could mean “hanging suspended.” The above picture shows that the person who is nailed is FIXED. For it to be Hanging it has to have some part left without any support.

How do we know that Jesus was hanged and not crucified? Well Acts 2:23 says it all, even though majority of Trinitarian Bible translations have translated the Greek word “προσπήγνυμι” (prospēgnym) as “crucified” that is misleading. If Peter wanted to say that Jesus was “Crucified” he wouldn’t have used the word “prospēgnym”, instead he would have used “stauroo” which is the most frequent word used in the NT for someone who is “crucified.” The Greek word “prospēgnym” the meaning of it according to Scholars of Greek language, is someone who is ‘hanging suspended’ without “nails.” Paul N. Anderson, Felix Just and Tom Thatcher comment on Acts 2:23,

“The assumption that nailing was the primary method of crucifixion has unduly influenced the translation of several passages. Peter’s speech after Pentecost references Jesus crucifixion: “This man [Jesus], delivered over by the predetermined plan and foreknowledge of Go, you fastened [προσπήγνυμι] to a cross” (Acts 2:23, emphasis added). This is the only time the verb προσπήγνυμι (“to fasten” or “affix”; BDAG, 725) is used in the New Testament, and it is an unusual terminology. It should be translated “to affix” or “to fasten to” (Fitzmyer 1998,255), but without the implication of nails. Yet several English translations still render this verb “to nail” (see TNIV, NIV, NASB, NET, NCV).” [15] 

Notice how N. Anderson, Felix Just and Tom Thatcher make it clear that Acts 2:23 means hanging “without the implication of nails.” Since that is the case, how can we take the accounts of the Bible as evidence of Jesus life when the same people who somehow were disciples according to Christians can’t agree how Jesus died? According to Acts 5:30, from says that Jesus died while ‘Hanging’ (suspended) without any nails. While on the other hand we have Matthew, Mark, Luke and John who say that Jesus got “crucified” with ‘nails’ going through. Which account of Jesus crucifixion is true?

We conclude that the Bible cannot be a reliable source of Jesus life. Was Jesus killed “hanging suspended” or with nails fixed to the cross? Furthermore, we can see that the people who somehow knew Jesus in real life can’t agree on how Jesus died. Crucifixion which is the major Pinnacle of Christianity, yet the people who knew Jesus, walked with him, eat with him (according to Christians) can’t agree how Jesus died? If there is no crucifixion, there is no Christianity. How can we take the Bible as a source of guidance and salvation when there are major contradictions?

References:
[1] Bernard Alwyn Taylor Analytical Lexicon to the Septuagint page 340
[2] James strong. A Concise Dictionary of the words in the Greek Testament
[3] Liddell and Scot’s. An Intermediate Greek English Lexicon 1882 page 449
[4] Abbott Smith, George A Manuel Greek Lexicon of the New Testament (1922) page. 257
[5] Robinson, Edward, Greek and English Lexicon of the New Testament (1836) Page 489
[6] Alexander Souter. A Pocket Lexicon to the Greek New testament (1917) Page 139
[8] Samuel Bagster’s. The Analytical Greek Lexicon: Consisting of An Alphabitical Arangement of every occurring Inflexion of every word contained in the New testament Scriptures. Page 240
[7] John Pickering, A Greek AND English Lexicon page 521
[8] Schrevel Cornelis The Greek Lexicon of Schrevelius(1826) page 510
[9] Charles Robson A Greek Lexicon to the New Testament (1836) Page 249
[10] John Jones, The Tyro’s Greek and English Lexicon (1825) page 426
[11] Samuel C. Loveland A Greek Lexicon:Adaptedto the New Testament (1828) Page 186
[12] John J. Owen The Acts of the Apostles, in the original Greek. Page 212
[13] W. J Hickie Greek-English Lexicon to the New testament. After The Latest and Best Authorities (1911) Page 108
[14] Paul N. Anderson, Felix Just, Tom Thatcher John, ‘Jesus, and History’, Volume 2, page 328

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13 Responses »

    • Head knowledge, Religious degrees, education, science, maths, phd cannot teach us the about GOD.
      GOD OF ABRAHAM himself has to revel HIS glorious plans to Humanity.

      Jesus Christ is alive even now and will be for ever, He is the KING OF KINGS AND LORD OR LORDS. Im not radical, but this is the truth.

      God is love. If we love each other, we dont blow our religion, but instead will provide a solution to people that will lead them to the saving knowledge of God instead of manipulating with word in the WORD OF GOD- Bible. Im sure the writer actually dont receive the right contest of the circumstances of the history.

      Bible is very clear and full of God’s gracious love and His forgiveness for the sins of the humanity (the whole earth). Jesus born of virgin lived on earth a sinless life, and taught gentiles and Jews the knowledge of God and His plans through His living testimony by healing many, raised many dead people and taught the right living by honoring and loving God, parents, elders, people in authority etc etc…. died for us and rose again on the third day as a redemption/forgiveness of our sins, so that we can live with our God Almighty for ever; which is the original plan of God, the creator.

      In order to reveal us this truth, God/Jesus has send us His spirit to conform Jesus is our Lord and savior and to help us live a holy life on the earth as a testimony of our repentance and demonstrating the repentance of our sins through our good deeds…AMEN

      Brother, use your talents for God and not to market a religion. But to proclaim the Good news of God’s love and forgiveness for the entire humanity

      Brother, i earnestly beg you to read the WORD OF GOD- Holy BIBLE more carefully and understand or Sit in the presence of God Almighty and ask HIM for the truth, He will surely answer your question and will help you to check the condition of your heart. GOD the almighty hates pride and loves humble ones. In our pride we tend to reject God’s valuable plan in our life. Allow GOD to speak in to your life and peace of God Almighty be with you.

      Bear with me brother, im not against you or any religion and its not my responsibility.

      In simple words, just want to say that Jesus Christ is my Lord and savior, because through Jesus i received forgiveness for all my sin and now im a new creation in HIM. Now i have joy, peace and righteousness in the holy ghost.

      I HAVE SPOKEN, the choice is your..brother.

      Love,
      Richie.

      • Not to debate with you, I’m a Hebrew Israelite I know who is Running the show and who is not, just a tip! Slot of the bible was taken out and Something New (wink) put into it. But is Jesus white or black according to the scriptures.

  1. The real issue here is not just whether Jesus died by being hanged on a tree or by crucifixion, it is about the CREDIBILITY of the testimonies of the apostles that they have written about Jesus.

    How can the preachers and theologians be right in saying that the apostles were inspired by God when their EYEWITNESS account alone of how Jesus died were inconsistent?

    The teaching that jesus was sent to die for our sins is not true, it is all made up by the apostles to hide the truth that jesus was punished by God through the beatings of men for pretending to be a son of God. More than that, the Almighty God has a law in “Fathers shall not be put to death for their children, nor children put to death for their fathers; each is to die for his own sin.
    Deuteronomy 24:16 (NIV)

    “each is to die for his own sin” – each man will answer for his own sin, no one is to be punished for another’s sin. So to say that God allowed jesus to die for us is to make God a liar because you made it appear that He broke His own law in deut.24:16 and even made HIM an unrighteous God because He allowed a so-called sinless man to be killed like a “beast” for the sins of others. Everyone who has committed sin will pay for it. Let us read the elaboration…

    The soul who sins is the one who will die. The son will not share the guilt of the father, nor will the father share the guilt of the son. The righteousness of the righteous man will be credited to him, and the wickedness of the wicked will be charged against him.
    Ezekiel 18:20 (NIV)

    We will be responsible for our sins we commit to God and to other men. Do we still need Jesus for our sins to be forgiven?
    “But if a wicked man turns away from all the sins he has committed and keeps all my decrees and does what is just and right, he will surely live; he will not die.
    Ezekiel 18:21 (NIV)

    We cannot say that jesus was without sin – for he was born of a woman and a man born of a woman cannot claim that he is without sin?
    How then can a man be righteous before God?
    How can one born of woman be pure?
    If even the moon is not bright
    and the stars are not pure in his eyes,
    how much less man, who is but a maggot –
    a son of man, who is only a worm!”
    Job 25:4-6 (NIV) We are all born free, with freedom to make choices, no one may say that he had not committed sin in his lifetime. The question now is what was jesus death for? There is a Word of God about Jesus-the descendant/offspring of King David that we should know:

    2 Samuel 7:12-14 (NIV)
    12 When your days are over and you rest with your ancestors, I will raise up your offspring to succeed you, your own flesh and blood, and I will establish his kingdom. 13 He is the one who will build a house for my Name, and I will establish the throne of his kingdom forever. 14 I will be his father, and he will be my son. WHEN HE DOES WRONG, I WILL PUNISH HIM WITH A ROD WIELDED BY MEN, WITH FLOGGINGS INFLICTED BY HUMAN HANDS

    In the said verses: 2 Samuel 7:12-14 – we can read that God speaks of a coming offspring of David and not a literal “son of God” as what the religions preach.

    Is it really true that Jesus was a descendant of David?

    …to a virgin pledged to be married to a man named Joseph, a descendant of David. The virgin’s name was Mary. Luke 1:27 (NIV)

    Jesus’ true father is Joseph who belongs to the house of David. So if we are to believe the teaching of the religions that Jesus is the “son of God,” then it should be Mary who should belong to the house of David.
    And in:

    You will be with child and give birth to a son, and you are to give him the name Jesus.
    Luke 1:31 (NIV)

    And who was Jesus’ father?

    He will be great and will be called the Son of the Most High. The Lord God will give him the throne of his father David. Luke 1:32 (NIV)
    “will be called” – As you have read it, Jesus was only a son or a descendant of David not a real son of God;” he was just a man.

    Is it true that Jesus is a son of David? Let us read in:
    A record of the genealogy of Jesus Christ the son of David, the son of Abraham- Matt 1:1(NIV)

    Now we can see that the prophecy in 2 Sam7:12-14 about a coming descendant of David and not a son of God has been fulfilled.

    Considering the prophecy in II Samuel 7:12-14 that if the descendant of David commits a wrong or an iniquity, he will be punished with the rod of men. Was Jesus-the descendant of King David punished by the rod and floggings of men?

    All the people answered, “Let his blood be on us and on our children!” Then he released Barabbas to them. But he had Jesus flogged, and handed him over to be crucified. Matthew 27:25-26 (NIV)

    Indeed, Jesus was flogged by men which when we read again what God stated in the prophecy in 2 Sam 7:14: “I will be his father, and he will be my son. WHEN HE DOES WRONG, I WILL PUNISH HIM WITH A ROD WIELDED BY MEN, WITH FLOGGINGS INFLICTED BY HUMAN HANDS”

    We can discover for ourselves that based on what God said in the prophecy that the real reason why He allowed Jesus -the descendant of king David to be beaten by men was not for our sins but for his (Jesus) own wrongdoing.
    What you are reading now about Jesus as only a son of David who was punished by God by the floggings of men and not a son of God is what Jesus wants all of us to know about him as this is his testimony in Revelation 22:16

    “I, Jesus, have sent my angel to give you this testimony for the churches. I am the Root and the Offspring of David, and the bright Morning Star.”
    Revelation 22:16 (NIV)

    Jesus said in Revelation 22:16 that he has sent an “angel” or a messenger who will testify or show to us that he is only a root and offspring of David and the bright morning star- When Jesus said “he is a root and offspring of David,” this means he is not a literal son of God; but only an offspring or descendant of David. Jesus also said he is the “bright morning star” which means he was the man described in Isaiah 14:9-20 as the man whom the whole world will shockingly know as one who was punished by God for claiming to be god (Isa.14:12-16)

    It is best that you read the full Bible revelation of Teacher Erano Martin Evangelista in this link:http://www.thename.ph/thename/revelations/jesusspeaks-en.html

  2. You all are totally blind by satan! …May God Mercy and Grace Help you!…Hell Is Real!…Repent!

Trackbacks

  1. Examining Pagan Sources On Jesus Crucifixion, Genuine or Hearsay? | Discover The Truth
  2. Examining Jewish Sources On Jesus Crucifixion, Genuine Or Forgery? | Discover The Truth
  3. Contradictions In New Testament – Was Jesus Hanged Or Crucified? – Blogging Theology

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